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Bare Minimum Car Insurance Coverage Requirements by State

Find out if your car insurance policy meets your state's minimum liability coverage requirements. We have the minimum car insurance requirement for each state.

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Different states require different minimum amounts of liability coverage. Some states have much higher levels than others. For example, the laws in Maine are much stricter than those in Florida. However, all of them (except for New Hampshire, which doesn’t require liability coverage) include these three basic components:

  • Individual Bodily Injury Liability (BIL): This is the most your insurer pays for one person injured in a car accident. It applies only to people named on your policy. State minimums range from $10,000 to $50,000.
  • Total Bodily Injury Liability: This is the most your insurance company pays for everyone injured in a car accident. It applies to you and people not named on your policy. State minimums range from $20,000 to $100,000.
  • Property Damage Liability (PIL): This is the most your insurance company pays for property damage caused by a car crash. This includes all physical damage such as vehicle damage and damage to road fixtures. So, if you hit a telephone pole or road sign, you’re covered. State minimums range from $5,000 to $25,000.

Each insurer has its own way of calculating rates. That's why it's so vital to compare quotes from multiple companies when shopping for insurance. Doing so is the only way to guarantee that you’re getting the best possible rates.

Is state minimum insurance enough?

Many states’ minimum insurance levels are low, in some cases way too low. Typically, this is because they haven’t been updated in decades. While medical costs and vehicle prices have gone up a lot, state minimum liability coverage often hasn’t kept pace. Raising auto insurance costs by increasing the liability insurance minimums is not a good way to get re-elected. So, this trend isn't going away anytime soon.

That means that it’s important to buy more than the bare minimum liability coverage if you want to be protected. For example, some states only require $5,000 Property Damage Liability. But, most cars are worth much more than that and many car crashes cause far more than $15,000 in damages. The same goes for Bodily Injury Liability requirements. It’s worth paying a bit more for higher coverage. It's better than finding out after an accident that your insurance coverage isn’t enough.

It might sound like a lot, but insurance companies recommend 100/300/100 for most drivers. That means $100,000 and $300,000 in BIL and $100,000 for PIL. With today’s expensive legal and medical costs, paying a little extra for much more protection is a smart decision. It’s one that could save you a huge headache and a lot of cash down the road.

QuoteWizard will connect you with licensed insurance experts who can help you find the lowest rates on the best coverage.

Minimum Liability Car Insurance Levels by State

State BIL/BIL/PDL
Alabama 25/50/25
Alaska 50/100/25
Arizona 15/30/10
Arkansas 25/50/25
California 15/30/5
Colorado 25/50/15
Connecticut 20/40/10
Delaware 15/30/10
District of Columbia 25/50/10
Florida 10/20/10
Georgia 30/60/25
Hawaii 20/40/10
Idaho 25/50/15
Illinois 25/50/20
Indiana 25/50/10
Iowa 20/40/15
Kansas 25/50/10
Kentucky 25/50/10
Louisiana 10/20/10
Maine 50/100/25
Maryland 20/40/15
Massachusetts 20/40/5
Michigan 20/40/10
Minnesota 30/60/10
Mississippi 25/50/25
Missouri 25/50/10
Montana 25/50/10
Nebraska 25/50/25
Nevada 25/50/20
New Hampshire 25/50/25
New Jersey 15/30/5
New Mexico 25/50/10
New York 25/50/10
North Carolina 30/60/25
North Dakota 25/50/25
Ohio 25/50/25
Oklahoma 25/50/25
Oregon 25/50/10
Pennsylvania 15/30/5
Rhode Island 25/50/25
South Carolina 25/50/25
South Dakota 25/50/25
Tennessee 25/50/15
Texas 30/60/25
Utah 25/65/15
Vermont 25/50/10
Virginia 25/50/20
Washington 25/50/10
West Virginia 20/40/10
Wisconsin 25/50/10
Wyoming 25/50/20

 

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