Here's your complete guide to flood insurance for Florida homeowners: the cost, how to get a quote, and your rate map.
The average cost of flood insurance in Florida in 2019 is $563 dollars a year, which is $145 less than the national average, and makes Florida the cheapest state for flood insurance. Flood insurance is sometimes required by the government or your mortgage lender, depending on where you live in the state. Your rates, options and zone aren't always easy to understand, so we studied the flood insurance market in Florida. This is what our study covers:
While the average cost of flood insurance in Florida is $563 a year, or $47 a month, annual premiums vary depending on where you live in the state. Below is the average cost of flood insurance in some of the biggest cities in Florida.
|City||Average annual cost per policy||Number of policies|
|Port St. Lucie||$411||6,140|
As you can see, flood insurance rates may vary greatly depending on where you live, from $394 per year in Palm Bay to over $1,000 in Tallahassee. Rates are not only high for areas on the Florida coast – inland counties and cities can also be at risk of flooding due to rivers and lakes.
However, the most expensive counties are on the south and Gulf coasts in Florida. For example, Monroe County, which includes the Florida Keys, has the most expensive annual rates, at $2,278 a year.
If you want to get a sense of how much you'll pay for flood insurance in Florida, check out our guide on how to calculate your flood insurance cost based on your zone.
You are required by the U.S. government to have flood insurance if you satisfy both of the following criteria: (1) you live in a Special Flood Hazard Area and (2) you have a federally backed mortgage. Your mortgage lender can also require you to have flood insurance, even if the government doesn't.
Every part of the U.S., regardless of how far inland it is or its climate, is at risk of flooding. This is especially true of Florida: the NFIP paid out over $2.6 billion in flood insurance claims to Florida between 1996 and 2016, giving Florida the fifth-most flood losses in the country. Therefore, we recommend considering flood insurance, no matter where you live in Florida.
The cost of NFIP flood insurance policies is determined by the U.S. government, but most policies are managed by private insurance companies. Because rates are determined by a central body, there’s no need to compare federal flood insurance policies from different insurance companies.
While there isn’t a need to shop around, we recommend choosing a company that will make servicing your policy as simple as possible. For instance, if you already have home or auto insurance with Allstate, it may make sense to try to get an NFIP policy through Allstate as well. Here are the biggest writers of NFIP policies in Florida:
|Wright National Flood Insurance||29%|
|source: S&P Global Market Intelligence|
Wright National Flood is the largest provider of NFIP flood insurance policies in Florida, managing 29% of policies. Assurant, which operates through its subsidiary American Bankers Insurance Company of Florida, is the second-biggest provider.
Florida alone accounts for 34% of all NFIP policies nationally, and 31% of owner-occupied housing units in Florida have flood insurance through the NFIP. So there's a good chance that if you don't already have a flood insurance policy administered by one of these companies, your neighbors do.
FEMA designates areas that have a 1% or greater chance of flooding in a given year a Special Flood Hazard Area (SFHA). These areas are also called 100-year floodplains. Flood zones use letter designations, and SFHAs are usually designated by the letters A or V. Some common flood zones are A, AO, E, V and VE.
You can find out your flood zone using FEMA’s online tool. If you live in an SFHA, your flood insurance rates will be higher. Our study of the average cost of flood insurance calculated minimum and maximum coverage through NFIP policies using publicly available rate tables. Here’s a summary of our findings:
|Zone||Minimum cost||Maximum cost|
|A, AE, A1-A30, AO||$1,025||$5,892|
|V, VE, V1-V30||$1,329||$11,399|
Private flood insurance companies have played a small roll since the NFIP’s inception in 1968, but recent years have seen immense growth in the private flood market. While only accounting for 3% of all flood policies as of 2018 in Florida, you can expect to see that number rise if the current growth pattern continues.
Assurant, AIG, FM Global and Progressive account for over 75% of all private flood insurance policies in Florida. These companies operate under a number of subsidiaries, which are outlined below.
|Company||Market share||Parent company|
|American Security Insurance||19%||Assurant|
|Factory Mutual Insurance||18%||FM Global|
|American Home Assurance||12%||AIG|
|National Fire & Marine Insurance||3%||Berkshire Hathaway|
|Landmark American Insurance||3%||Alleghany|
|Zurich American Insurance||3%||Zurich|
|Affiliated FM Insurance||2%||FM Global|
|American Strategic Insurance||2%||Progressive|
|source: S&P Global Market Intelligence|
We reviewed publicly available federal flood insurance statistics from the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). To find the average cost of flood insurance policies in Florida by city and county, we divided the total written premiums by the number of policies in force.
We used S&P Global Market Intelligence to analyze the respective federal and private flood insurance markets. The percent of Florida households that have flood insurance was also calculated using demographic and geographic information from S&P Global Market Intelligence.
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