People in Washington DC have plenty of options when it comes to health care. According to the Commonwealth Fund, DC has the 20th best health system in the country. That study looks at access, affordability, treatment, hospital use and cost, healthy lives, and equity.
There are several ways for DC residents to access health care in the district.
Where do most Washington DC residents get their health insurance coverage?
|Individual or family||7%|
|Source: Kaiser Family Foundation, Health Insurance Coverage of the Total Population|
Five percent of DC residents are uninsured, far below the national average. That’s great for policyholders, as a high rate of uninsured people raises rates for insured people.
DC residents spend an average of $11,944 per year on health care, more than the rest of the country. What determines your rates in DC? Prices vary person to person, but depend mostly on these factors:
According to the CDC, a high body mass leads to many serious health risks. Insurance companies analyze your BMI when pricing your policy. A high BMI means high health insurance premiums.
In 2016, DC had a 23 percent obesity rate, the second lowest in the country! Of the DC residents who used QuoteWizard to compare health insurance plans, 22 percent had a BMI in the obese range.
Smokers pay more for health care because of the high risks from tobacco use. About 14.7 percent of DC residents are smokers.
Health insurance for an older person costs up to three times more compared to a younger person. DC residents who used QuoteWizard to shop for health insurance are, on average, 37 years old.
It’s pretty simple: better coverage costs more. And your coverage levels depend on your plan type. Marketplace plans come in metal tiers: bronze, silver, gold, and platinum.
So, how much does health insurance in DC cost? These are the average monthly prices for each plan type for a middle-aged DC resident in 2019:
|Source: Kaiser Family Foundation, Change in Average Marketplace Premiums by Metal Tier|
Premiums for a bronze plan cost about 42 percent less than premiums for a gold plan. Gold plans cover 80 percent of medical costs, whereas bronze plans only cover 60 percent of costs.
You may also qualify for a catastrophic plan, the lowest level of coverage available in the marketplace. Catastrophic plans have low monthly premiums and a yearly deductible of $7,150. Because of that yearly deductible, it may save you money to invest in a bronze or silver plan for when you need to use your insurance.
Your location plays an important role in your premiums. Every state (including DC) has its own set of health care laws, regulations, and companies. Your policy options and prices depend quite a bit on where you live.
Health insurance companies use a community-rating system. That means your rates are partly based on the combined claims that everyone files. If your region files a high number of claims, your prices could go through the roof.
So, living in a health-conscious area can help lower your premiums. According to America’s Health Rankings, DC had the largest decrease in premature death from 2012 to 2017. And the American Fitness Index ranked DC as the third healthiest state in the country.
Residents have two options for health care providers in their area. These companies offer both individual and family plans in DC:
The Affordable Care Act limits what factors insurance companies can consider when pricing your policy.
There’s a limit to how much you can pay out-of-pocket for a marketplace plan. In 2018, the out-of-pocket maximum is $7,350 for an individual plan and $14,700 for a family plan.
DC law requires health insurance companies to offer at least some coverage for the following services:
There are additional services that providers must cover. Find the full list on cms.gov.
Medicare and Medicaid are both government-funded health care programs in the US. Medicare aids seniors, whereas Medicaid helps low-income families and children.
DC residents 65 and older qualify for Medicare. There are several different coverage options within the program, including parts A, B, C, D, and supplemental coverage plans. You may also qualify for a Medicare Savings Program:
Low-income families and children may qualify for Medicaid. These are the state’s Medicaid financial requirements:
|Household Size||Maximum Yearly Income|
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