Most insurance companies use consumers’ credit history as a factor in determining car insurance rates. Find out why and how it could be affecting your insurance premiums.
Did you know that in addition to having a credit score, people who purchase car insurance also have an insurance score? An insurance score is a rating, like a credit score, that’s calculated by insurance companies. They use it to predict how likely it is that a customer will file a claim.
The criteria for calculating a consumer’s insurance score varies by insurance company. Each insurer uses its own method to compute scores. However, the most common factors used include:
Why do insurance companies use insurance scores to determine their rates? The most commonly used justification points to studies that show a positive association between credit scores and the likelihood and number of insurance claims filed. And arguments are made that for those with poor credit, they may be more likely to file a claim because they lack the resources to pay for repairs on their own.
The University of Texas reviewed over 175,000 auto insurance policies in 2003. They found a relationship between elevated insurance losses and higher claim payouts with lower credit scores. They drew the conclusion that those with a lower credit score presented a greater risk to auto insurers.
Additionally, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) came to similar conclusions in their independent study used to shed light on the relationship between risk and credit history. The FTC’s study found that insurance scores based on credit history are an effective predictor of risk to insurance companies.
Digging deeper into the car insurance industry’s reasoning, if they’re able to keep people from qualifying for the best price because they’re basing it on credit scores, it keeps profits up and helps justify higher premiums. This has led consumer advocates to label the insurance industry’s scoring practices as unfair. It benefits those with good credit while negatively affecting low-income drivers who would benefit the most from lower rates.
Legislatures in California, Massachusetts and Hawaii have laws on the books that ban insurance agencies from using credit as a factor in determining car insurance rates. Moreover, a few insurance companies don’t use credit as part of their underwriting process.
Therefore, whether you’re a good driver with great credit or some credit issues, finding a policy with one of these insurance companies could save you hundreds of dollars.
A: A clean driving record and good insurance score can lower your rates a lot. Request a quote, compare rates and see how much you can save with a good insurance score.
A: Insurers gather information about you to compose your score. They get information about you from different agencies. One database that many insurers use is CLUE report or the Comprehensive Loss Underwriting Exchange. They also use the Automated Property Loss Underwriting System (A-PLUS). FICO, TransUnion and LexisNexis are also used.
A: Each company will use different standards to determine insurance scores. However, many experts suggest you stay in the mid-700s and above range. According to most agents, a bad one would be anything below 500.
A: Just like increasing a credit score, you can increase an insurance score the same way. You can start by paying your bills on time, or make sure you keep paying your bills on time. Reducing the number of claims you file will also help.
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